PSEG, PennEast pipeline
South Jersey Industries, UGI
PennEast, Eminent Domain

PennEast will use Eminent Domain for Private Gain

Who is

UGI Utilities ($UGI), 
AGL Resources ($AGL), 
NJR Pipeline Company ($NJR),
South Jersey Industries ($SJI)
Public Service Enterprise Group ($PEG),
and Spectra Energy ($SEP)
have partnered together to form a limited liability company called PennEast. The proposed PennEast pipeline project is designed to be a large scale, 36 inch transmission pipeline that will stretch 114 miles from a gathering system in Luzerne County  crossing the Delaware River into Hunterdon County and terminating at Transcontinental Gas Pipeline in Mercer County, N.J.

Corporate Greed is not Public Need

The 36 inch, 1480 psi pipeline, crosses into Hunterdon County and targets our open space, preserved farmland and preserved agriculture farmland because it's financially cheaper and easier. These are the lands that our tax dollars went to preserve. .
The proposed project has faced tremendous opposition from community groups, ratepayers, and landowners along and near the proposed route. Thirty-two townships in Pennsylvania and New Jersey have passed resolutions opposing the PennEast
Pipeline. Residents and elected officials at all levels of government, including school districts, counties and conservation groups, have submitted comments to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) against this proposed project.
PennEast pipeline, PSEG, AGI Resources, NJR Pipeline Company, South Jersey Industries
If approved by the FERC, the PennEast pipeline would cut and level a minium of 125-foot wide construction zone of permanent devastation for the 114 mile lenght of the pipeline. It would force road closures and new access roads to be built for construction equipment and pipe storage fields.   Not to mention the devasting effects of this pipeline would be to the local economy.
Siting of interstate pipelines is regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Under federal rules, local governments are exempt from participating in the process and the pipeline companies can legally exercise the power of eminent domain.

70% of impacted NJ landowners have denied survey access, which could mean PennEast would need to take each property owner to court and exercise eminent domain to have thier land "condemned".
UGI, PennEast Pipeline
PSEG, PennEast
NJR, PennEast, New Jersey Resources, SJI
South Jersey Industries, PennEast, SJI

Purpose and Need- Or lack of

NJ averages 1.8 billion cubic consumption of natural gas per day across all usage categories-residential, electrical generation, transportation, industrial, etc.
PennEast is proposing to bring another 750 million cubic feet into the state, which represents 42% over capacity for the state.
PennEast's original claim was that the gas from this pipeline will go to 4.7 million homes and businesses in NJ and PA.
Their story has been changing over the course of the year as more pressure was placed on them.
Numbers do not add up:   The Transco Leidy Loop claims service for 2 million homes for their project in Princeton, and the TEAM 14 project, just approved by FERC, will add the equivalent of 2.8 million homes to its route which terminates in

Lambertville NJ and Staten Island.
A projected total of new local service to some 9.5 million homes just from these 3 projects.  
The 2013 Census shows a total of 3.5 million housing units in NJ, 80% of them already using natural gas.
This market is saturated. The historic view of both the NJ delivery price and the spot price indicate that natural gas prices have been steadily dropping since 2008. PennEast further claimed an increased demand on the electrical grid thru 2040 to justify expansion, but their charts were poorly cited for determining how they were derived.
Infact,  Genesis Power LLC just announced on Feb 2, 2016 that it's proposed natural gas power plant in Hillsborough NJ, will not be built.
Data from The and DOE studies have indicated that natural gas demand in NJ
will be flat out to 2040 with minimal gains in electrical generation.
They further indicate that prices in the state will rise over the next 25 years as local consumers begin to compete against LNG exports; and that the northeast will see an overall decrease in natural gas comsumption while prices continue to rise.   
NJ currently enjoys the lowest residential natural gas prices in the nation according to
The subscribers on the PennEast pipeline are not LDC's as PennEast claimed; the subsribers are instead the midstream subsidiaries of national companies spread out over several states. These midstream providers are free to sell the gas to their LDC siblings, or to move them out of state to other regions or to LNG export facilities.
 Relative to the above point, PennEast part owner, NJR Pipeline Company($NJR) recently announced they have obtained a preferred equity stake in Dominion
Midstream Partners,LP. Part of this stake is in the Dominion Cove Point LNG facility, which is currently being upgraded to be an LNG export terminal. This terminal is fully subscribed by industrial users in Japan and India.
This puts NJR in a unique position to ship PennEast gas directly to Cove Point, using NJ strictly as a natural gas super highway and exporting the gas to it's final destination overseas.
PennEast Message to FERC
True Money Flow Chart

PennEast lack of Safety Concerns

The Board of Public Utilities (“Board”) is the state agency with authority to oversee the regulated utilities, which in turn provide critical services such as natural gas, electricity, water, telecommunications and cable television. The law requires the Board to ensure safe, adequate, and proper utility services at reasonable rates for customers in New Jersey. The Board addresses issues of consumer protection, energy reform, deregulation of energy and telecommunications services and the restructuring of utility rates to encourage energy conservation and competitive pricing in the industry. The Board also has responsibility for monitoring utility service and responding to consumer complaints.
 NJ Board of Utilities (BOU) Is maid up of ........
BOU Readoption of Amendments states under :
      4. COMMENT: We concur with the amendment to N.J.A.C. 14:7-1.3 as written. All of our natural gas pipelines are currently Class 4 design and operation, and we agree with the requirement that all new pipelines constructed after the effective date of this rule shall meet the design standards for a Class 4 pipeline location.
RESPONSE: The Board appreciates this comment in support of the rule.
     5. COMMENT: N.J.A.C. 14:7-1.4(a) should be applied only to transmission lines. The sole use of pressure ignores other factors such as wall thickness and diameter. For example, the Federal Code focuses on risk management linked with performance parameters rather than on pressure alone. (PSE&G)
RESPONSE: High pressure pipelines are inherently more risky than lower pressure lines, regardless of thickness and diameter, because, should there be a puncture, there is a greater potential for danger and damage. This requirement enables Board staff to review these installations and provide enhanced protection to the public.
New Jersey is the most densely populated state in the U.S., and the Board believes that the provision as written is necessary to ensure public safety when large natural gas pipelines are located in close proximity to buildings.

PennEast would build this pipeline using a pipe that is
33% thinner
than what New Jersey's
Board of Utilites deems safe.

PennEast, PennEast Pipeline

The thickness is determined by how close they're allowed to come to the rated pressure for that grade of steel. Since the pressure will be a constant 1480psi, that means the thickness varies.
Class1: 72% of rated pressure, thickness 0.529"
Class2: 60% of rated pressure, thickness 0.634"
Class3: 50% of rated pressure, thickness 0.761"
Class4: 40% of rated pressure, thickness 0.951"

In NJ, intrastate pipelines by law must all use Class 4 Location, but PennEast is ignoring that because it is a federal interstate pipeline. 
Patricia Kornick, PennEast
View BOU Document

The proposed PennEast pipeline would be a 1480 psi a high pressure transmission line and they will build using the design standard of  a Class 2 pipeline location for most the length of the route thru NJ.
The federal government uses Class location to determine pipeline safety factors, and class location is calculated by how many homes are near the pipeline. Lower number is less safe. PennEast has pledged not to use Class1 pipes, so most of the route is Class 2, with Class 3 being used in a few isolated cases.
A Class 2 location is any class location unit that has more than 10 but fewer than 46 buildings intended for human occupancy.


The proposed route would cross 88 waterways, 61 of those are federally regulated
C-1 blue line streams.
C-1 waters are defined in the existing Surface Water Quality Standards rules at N.J.A.C. 7:9B-1.4 as waters protected from any measurable changes in water quality because of their exceptional ecological significance, exceptional recreational significance, exceptional water supply significance, or  exceptional fisheries resources.
Along with the risk to the Wild and Scenic Delaware,
the project is proposed to cross 44 wetlands and 30 parks. 85% is proposed to cross through the Delaware watershed. It risks habitat destruction to endangered species such as Bald Eagles, Bobolinks, Harrier Hawks, Ospreys, Cormorants, Wood Turtles, Great Blue Herons, Bobcats, Long-tailed Salamander and much, much more.
Townships along the proposed route regularly host
cultural and art events that attract tourism from all over the tri-state area that reflect the history and cultural aspects of the region.
The Delaware Valley Region area also offers a splendid opportunity for horseback riding, fishing, picnicking, hunting, cross-country skiing, photography, bird watching…or just a lovely, restful place to get away. 
Siting of interstate pipelines is regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Under federal rules, local governments are exempt from participating in the process and the pipeline companies can legally exercise the power of eminent domain.



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